Some Background Information about Engineering and Its Roles in Our Society
It is a fact that part of the engineering profession is on health, safety and environmental management in a country with the goal to care, and also relating to economic and legal reasons. Engineering has its own code of practice that takes into account public safety, risk management, workplace and construction site, public and community well being, communication, conflicts of interest and confidentiality.
Practicing the engineering profession is entrusted to those who are qualified and they have the task of applying their skills in engineering, their scientific knowledge and ingenuity, for the purpose of advancing the welfare of humanity and quality of life. The conduct of engineers follow some fundamental principles that cover truth, honesty and trustworthiness in giving services to the society, and who ethical and honourable practices that would show towards their clients the courtesy, fairness and good faith. Aside from the above mentioned principles, engineers also take into consideration the societal, cultural, economic, environmental and safety areas of society while striving to meet the long term needs of humanity by the efficient use of the world’s resources.
Know that in virtually all engineering design processes, safety is always a concern. Engineers have the understanding of safety in the context of engineering design and that human injuries are to be avoided.
There are some design strategies that are followed in engineering practices that will safeguard the operations of potentially dangerous technology, and these are the inherent safe design, safety factors, negative feedback and multiple independent safety barriers.
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Engineering principles of safety have some safety practices that are of general importance and these include the education of operators, maintenance of equipment, and installations and incidence reporting.
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Engineering practice considers safety as an essential ethical requirement, thus safe designs are used to both cope up with hazards and eventualities and also to reduce the possibilities of injuries. Safety against unexpected death or injuries of people are always in consideration of engineering design especially when the designed object for the prevention of damage of the environment and prevention of long term health effects are used unintendedly. A clear example is that the engineers who designed a bridge that collapsed, they will be held responsible for the untoward incident.
As far as the ethical obligations are concern in the engineering practice, fundamental values are also necessitated in order to protect the lives and safeguard the people, a commitment to public well being, professionalism, and sustaining knowledge in engineering.
Engineers are to further uphold some of the engineering practice requirements, like being careful and diligent in their competence, considering the health, safety and environmental welfare of humanity, and their constant review of the impact of their projects and actions to the society and environment as a whole.