Types of Land Surveying Equipment
One of the oldest sciences on the planet is land surveying. It is recorded in books of history of the earliest human civilization. Its main goal is measure magnitudes on the land. It includes aspects of direction, distance and height measurement. One of the most critical resources to human beings are lands. The increase in population has made the need for survey in the current world grow. For one to get a title deed then the land must be surveyed. Specialists in this art of surveying are referred to as land surveyors. Land surveyors must be conversant with the different surveying equipment. There are several lands surveying equipment’s that are used today. Chain and tape are among the first tools used.
They are used in the measurement of distances on land parcels. They are still used today despite the fact that they are very old in land survey. theodolites can be categorized as land surveying equipment. They determine the bearing of lines. Controls are a must when using theodolites. These are commonly called traverse controls. The process that is used in their establishment is called levelling. The level is the leveling instrument used. There are different types of levels from analog to digital levels. Levels create controls that are the basis of any land survey. Other type of land survey instrument is the total station. They have a system that is used to measure distances electronically. It is used in the measurement of bearing and distances simultaneously. They are used in the combination with a reflector that acts as the target. Laser beam is the technology that is employed.
The new technology has resulted in the invention of other surveying tools. For instances the GPS that stands for global position system. They are found in broad types in the current market. Satellites is the main principle used by the GPS. Land surveyors mostly use the Trimble GPS. It has high precision levels and highly portable than other land surveying equipment. They have an inbuilt software that is used to do all the land surveying jobs. Their interface is user-friendly. The GPS also has an internal storage where you can store surveying data. One can utilize external units to store the data. The use of GPS in land survey has highly revolutionized the field. They offer very quick process inland surveying and added portability nature. When one is choosing land surveying instrument there are some factors that they should consider. One should understand which kind of and survey is to be carried out. Consider also the accuracy level required in the land survey. The type of land surveying equipment used will affect the field results.